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  1. Despite clear-cut scientific evidence for pharmaceutical contaminants causing adverse effects in aquatic life, the regulatory response in Germany has been weak. In principle, there are different policy approac...

    Authors: Simon Schaub and Thomas Braunbeck

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:140

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The implementation of hybrid Bt cotton unique to India has been heralded as a grand success by government agencies, seed companies and other proponents, and yet yields have stagnated at low levels and producti...

    Authors: Andrew Paul Gutierrez, Luigi Ponti, Keshav R. Kranthi, Johann Baumgärtner, Peter. E. Kenmore, Gianni Gilioli, Antonio Boggia, Jose Ricardo Cure and Daniel Rodríguez

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:139

    Content type: Research

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  3. The European Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires the monitoring of biota—preferably fish—to check the compliance of tissue concentrations of priority substances (PS) against substance-specific environment...

    Authors: Heinz Rüdel, Verena Kosfeld, Annette Fliedner, Georg Radermacher, Christian Schlechtriem, Anja Duffek, Caren Rauert and Jan Koschorreck

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:138

    Content type: Research

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  4. Climate change is safe to be one of the biggest challenges of mankind. Human activities, especially the combustion of fossil fuels, contribute to the increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and thus to ...

    Authors: Doris Klingelhöfer, Ruth Müller, Markus Braun, Dörthe Brüggmann and David A. Groneberg

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:137

    Content type: Research

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  5. Toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) has been studied frequently due to a rise in application in various products. Various studies on AgNP toxicity with terrestrial and aquatic organisms confirmed their neg...

    Authors: Xin Zhang and Juliane Filser

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:136

    Content type: Research

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  6. Integrated steelmaking is known to emit coarse airborne ‘nuisance’ dust (10–100 µm) to the production site and in the local environs. We present a method to quantitatively analyse the provenance, mineralogical...

    Authors: James A. Small, Corrie J. G. van Hoek, Katrin Schollbach, Elmira Moosavi-Khoonsari, Frank J. L. van der Does, Stefan Melzer, Tako P. R. de Jong, Tilly de Bie, Rob A. Versfeld, Michiel de Roo and Sieger R. van der Laan

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:135

    Content type: Research

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  7. Environmental magnetism, focusing on ferrimagnetic iron oxides, provides useful additional information on pollution of different environments. Magnetic methods have been applied to studies of atmospheric dust,...

    Authors: Eduard Petrovský, Aleš Kapička, Hana Grison, Bohumil Kotlík and Hana Miturová

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:134

    Content type: Research

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  8. Household and personal care products (H&PCPs) are used frequently in the domestic environment. Different types of H&PCPs often contain the same chemicals and have potential for aggregate exposure. Therefore, p...

    Authors: Eun Jeong Han, KeunOh Choi, Seunghye Sim, Junyeong Choi, Yoonhee Uhm, Soonbok Kim, Eunkyung Lim and YoungJoo Lee

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:133

    Content type: Research

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  9. The insertion of a transgene into a plant organism can, in addition to the intended effects, lead to unintended effects in the plants. To uncover such effects, we compared maize grains of two genetically modif...

    Authors: Sina-Elisabeth Ben Ali, Agnes Draxler, Diana Poelzl, Sarah Agapito-Tenfen, Rupert Hochegger, Alexander G. Haslberger and Christian Brandes

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:132

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  10. This study aims to describe and test a tiered approach for assessing compliance to Environmental Quality standards (EQSs) for priority substances in biota in line with the European Water Framework Directive. T...

    Authors: Marc Babut, Benoit J. D. Ferrari, Patrick Jame, Azziz Assoumani, François Lestremau, Nicolas Hette-Tronquart, Cécile Miege and Olivier Perceval

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:131

    Content type: Research

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  11. Benthic invertebrate communities are an integral and longstanding component of stream biomonitoring. However, multiple stressors driven by global change threaten benthic invertebrate communities. In particular...

    Authors: Phillip J. Haubrock, Francesca Pilotto and Peter Haase

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:129

    Content type: Research

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  12. Environmental contamination by mercury is and will continue to be a serious risk for human health. Pollution of the terrestrial environment is particularly important as it is a place of human life and food pro...

    Authors: Barbara Gworek, Wojciech Dmuchowski and Aneta H. Baczewska-Dąbrowska

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:128

    Content type: Review

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  13. OECD TG 309 “Aerobic Mineralisation in Surface Water” (OECD Test Guideline 309 (2004)) is currently used in regulation for the assessment of the persistence of chemicals in surface water. The test is performed...

    Authors: Dieter Hennecke, Jan Hassink, Judith Klein and Mike Kruse

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:127

    Content type: Research

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  14. Lupin is a promising legume crop, belongs to the Fabaceae (or Leguminosae) family. Lupin production for traditional and functional foods or animal feed is limited, due to the content of toxic quinolizidine (QA)s ...

    Authors: Jawameer R. Hama and Bjarne W. Strobel

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:126

    Content type: Research

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  15. Road transport is an important contributor to the European Union’s total greenhouse gas emissions. This study aims at summarizing methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) exhaust emissions from L-category, light-dut...

    Authors: Michaël Clairotte, Ricardo Suarez-Bertoa, Alessandro A. Zardini, Barouch Giechaskiel, Jelica Pavlovic, Victor Valverde, Biagio Ciuffo and Covadonga Astorga

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:125

    Content type: Research

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  16. To assess the Volturno River pollution and its environmental impact on the Tyrrhenian Sea (Central Mediterranean Sea) caused by Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), 32 PCBs an...

    Authors: Paolo Montuori, Elvira De Rosa, Pasquale Sarnacchiaro, Fabiana Di Duca, Donatella Paola Provvisiero, Antonio Nardone and Maria Triassi

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:123

    Content type: Research

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  17. The Fish Embryo Acute Toxicity (FET) test with the zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryo, the OECD test guideline (TG) 236, has been designed as an alternative for acute fish toxicity testing such as the OECD Acute Fish...

    Authors: Rebecca von Hellfeld, Katharina Brotzmann, Lisa Baumann, Ruben Strecker and Thomas Braunbeck

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:122

    Content type: Research

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  18. Cryptosporidium is a waterborne global pathogen causing diarrhea primarily in infants and immunocompromised individuals. The Philippines is a tropical country susceptible to the influences of climate change and w...

    Authors: Frederick R. Masangkay, Giovanni D. Milanez, Voravuth Somsak, Manas Kotepui, Jitbanjong Tangpong and Panagiotis Karanis

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:121

    Content type: Research

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  19. Toxicants often occur simultaneously. Some combinations show synergistic combined effects that go far beyond what is predicted with current effect models. Up until now, only the combined additive effects of si...

    Authors: Matthias Liess, Sebastian Henz and Naeem Shahid

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:119

    Content type: Research

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  20. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as dioxins, dioxin-like chemicals and non-dioxin-like PCBs causing adverse effects to human health bio-accumulate through the food web due to their affinity for adipos...

    Authors: Johannes Haedrich, Claudia Stumpf and Michael S. Denison

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:118

    Content type: Research

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  21. In densely populated urban centers, increased air temperature due to urban heat island (UHI) effect can undermine the thermal comfort and health of citizens. Research has shown that large urban parks can mitig...

    Authors: Farshid Aram, Ebrahim Solgi, Ester Higueras Garcia and Amir Mosavi

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:117

    Content type: Research

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  22. Foliage residue decline data are used to refine the risk assessment for herbivorous birds and mammals foraging in fields treated with plant protection products. For evaluation, current EFSA guidance has a clea...

    Authors: Markus Ebeling and Klaus Hammel

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:116

    Content type: Research

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  23. Within the last decades, there has been increasing research on the occurrence of chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) in aquatic ecosystems due to their potential adverse effects on freshwater organisms and ri...

    Authors: Faith Jebiwot Kandie, Martin Krauss, Riccardo Massei, Akbar Ganatra, Ulrike Fillinger, Jeremias Becker, Matthias Liess, Baldwyn Torto and Werner Brack

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:115

    Content type: Research

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  24. The EU chemicals regulation “Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals” (REACH) aims to reduce the usage of substances of very high concern (SVHCs) by firms. Therefore, a consumer ri...

    Authors: Julian Schenten, Mattheus Brenig, Martin Führ and Kilian Bizer

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:114

    Content type: Discussion

    Published on:

  25. Groundwater abstraction can cause a decline in the water table, and thereby affects surface streamflow connected to the aquifer, which may impair the sustainability of both the water resource itself and the ec...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Seonggyu Park, Ryan T. Bailey, Eugenio Molina-Navarro, Hans Estrup Andersen, Hans Thodsen, Anders Nielsen, Erik Jeppesen, Jacob Skødt Jensen, Jacob Birk Jensen and Dennis Trolle

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:113

    Content type: Research

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  26. Recycling the ever-increasing plastic waste has become an urgent global concern. One of the most convenient methods for plastic recycling is pyrolysis, owing to its environmentally friendly nature and its intr...

    Authors: Ahmed I. Osman, Charlie Farrell, Alaa H. Al-Muhtaseb, Ahmed S. Al-Fatesh, John Harrison and David W. Rooney

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:112

    Content type: Research

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  27. In this paper, the correct composition of Vizura is given and a note that the founded results concerning ecotoxicity of Vizura are of no relevance for the recommended application rates for Vizura.

    Authors: Gregor Pasda and Markus Schmid

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:111

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  28. Pollution by marine plastic debris becomes an increasing global concern. Characteristics of petroleum-based plastics pollution and its absorbed metals in Marina Beach, Chennai, in India are not reported yet. I...

    Authors: Thodhal Yoganandham Suman, Wei-Guo Li, Shaji Alif, Valappil Rahman Panangala Faris, Duvvuru Joshua Amarnath, Jun-Guo Ma and De-Sheng Pei

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:110

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Per- and polyfluorinated chemicals (PFC) have been in use for more than 60 years. As a result of their high thermal and chemical stability, they have found numerous applications in industrial processes. Howeve...

    Authors: Ute Windisch, Fabian Springer and Thorsten Stahl

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:108

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Nitrogen (N) as a key input for crop production has adverse effects on the environment through emissions of reactive nitrogen. Less than 20% of the fertiliser nitrogen applied to agricultural land is actually ...

    Authors: Uwe Häußermann, Laura Klement, Lutz Breuer, Antje Ullrich, Gabriele Wechsung and Martin Bach

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:109

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original.

    Authors: Elisabetta Ceretti, Francesco Donato, Claudia Zani, Milena Villarini, Marco Verani, Antonella De Donno, Sara Bonetta, Donatella Feretti, Annalaura Carducci, Adele Idolo, Elisabetta Carraro, Loredana Covolo, Massimo Moretti, Giacomo Palomba, Tiziana Grassi, Alberto Bonetti…

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:105

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:74

  32. World agricultural production of genetically modified (GM) products, in particular, the combination of different traits/genes in the same plant has been a trend over the last decade. There have been concerns r...

    Authors: Caroline Bedin Zanatta, Rafael Fonseca Benevenuto, Rubens Onofre Nodari and Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:104

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has set limits on sulphur content in fuels for marine transport. However, vessels continue to use these residual high-sulphur fuels in combination with exhaust gas...

    Authors: Johannes Teuchies, Tom J. S. Cox, Katrien Van Itterbeeck, Filip J. R. Meysman and Ronny Blust

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:103

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in animal manure poses a threat to environmental safety. Organic fertilizers fermented by livestock and poultry manure are directly applied to farmland and ...

    Authors: Yan Xu, Houyu Li, Rongguang Shi, Jiapei Lv, Bihan Li, Fengxia Yang, Xiangqun Zheng and Jian Xu

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:102

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) regards the potential risks of human medicinal products to the environment and their impacts are assessed, as well as management to limit this impact. Hazard assessment of n...

    Authors: M. J. B. Amorim, M. L. Fernández-Cruz, K. Hund-Rinke and J. J. Scott-Fordsmand

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:101

    Content type: Discussion

    Published on:

  36. The Partnership for Chemicals Risk Assessment (PARC) is currently under development as a joint research and innovation programme to strengthen the scientific basis for chemical risk assessment in the EU. The p...

    Authors: Valeria Dulio, Jan Koschorreck, Bert van Bavel, Paul van den Brink, Juliane Hollender, John Munthe, Martin Schlabach, Reza Aalizadeh, Marlene Agerstrand, Lutz Ahrens, Ian Allan, Nikiforos Alygizakis, Damia’ Barcelo’, Pernilla Bohlin-Nizzetto, Susanne Boutroup, Werner Brack…

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:100

    Content type: Commentary

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  37. In the EU, the requirement for a two-tier-based environmental risk assessment for a veterinary medicinal product applies for marketing authorisations submitted since 1993. This article outlines the framework f...

    Authors: Julia Fabrega and Ricardo Carapeto

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:99

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  38. Exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) has been declared to be harmful to human kidney. However, whether activation of the autophagic pathway plays key roles in the nephrotoxicity caused by PM2.5 ex...

    Authors: Xiaoliu Huang, Zhitong Zhou, Xinwen Liu, Jue Li and Lijuan Zhang

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:97

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. The 16 priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) issued by US Environmental protection agency are a major focus in atmosphere in previous studies. Many more PAH congeners or their substitutes could be p...

    Authors: Lili Yang, Jiajia Wu, Minghui Zheng, Zhe Cao, Cui Li, Miwei Shi and Guorui Liu

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:96

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Sediments function as a secondary and significant source of tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT) in aquatic ecosystems and may pose a potential threat on benthic organisms and human health. The subchronic ...

    Authors: Lingling Wu, Ling Chen, Lingjiao Zhu, Xiaoping Chen and Qian Li

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:95

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Large amounts of insecticide-containing dusts produced from abrasion of the seed dressing can be released into the atmosphere during sowing operations. Neonicotinoid pesticides, introduced in the 1990s for sev...

    Authors: Andrea Lentola, Chiara Giorio, Edoardo Petrucco Toffolo, Vincenzo Girolami and Andrea Tapparo

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Long-term phosphorus (P) fertilizer application can lead to an accumulation of uranium (U) in agricultural soil, potentially posing risks on the environment and human health. In this study, we found that such ...

    Authors: Yajie Sun, Wulf Amelung, Thorstein Gudmundsson, Bei Wu and Roland Bol

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:92

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  43. Achieving nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) control in sediment remediation projects by adding natural materials is receiving increasing attention. In this study, different natural materials, including iron-rich...

    Authors: Mengjuan Tang, Qinghui Deng, Xiaowen Li, Xiuyun Cao, Zhimin Zhang, Yiyong Zhou, Qingye Sun and Chunlei Song

    Citation: Environmental Sciences Europe 2020 32:90

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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