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Table 2 Assessed GHS hazard statements for human health of herbicidal AIs (n = 54) approved in Austria 2000–2019, classified by EU regulation (EC) 1272/2008

From: Reducing overall herbicide use may reduce risks to humans but increase toxic loads to honeybees, earthworms and birds

Code Hazard class and category Hazard statement
H301 Acute toxicity (oral), Cat 3 Toxic if swallowed
H302 Acute toxicity (oral), Cat 4 Harmful if swallowed
H312 Acute toxicity (dermal), Cat 4 Harmful in contact with skin
H315 Skin corrosion/irritation, Cat 2 Causes skin irritation
H317 Sensitization—skin, Cat 1 May cause an allergic skin reaction
H318 Serious eye damage/eye irritation, Cat 1 Causes serious eye damage
H319 Serious eye damage/eye irritation, Cat 2 Causes serious eye irritation
H330 Acute toxicity (inhalation), Cat 1,2 Fatal if inhaled
H331 Acute toxicity (inhalation), Cat 3 Toxic if inhaled
H332 Acute toxicity (inhalation), Cat 4 Harmful if inhaled
H335 Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure, Cat 3, respiratory tract irritation May cause respiratory irritation
H351 Carcinogenicity, Cat 2 Suspected of causing cancer
H360D Reproductive toxicity Cat 1A, 1B May damage the unborn child
H360Df Reproductive toxicity Cat 1A, 1B May damage the unborn child. Suspected of damaging fertility
H360FD Reproductive toxicity Cat 1A, 1B May damage fertility; may damage the unborn child
H361d Reproductive toxicity Cat 2 Suspected of damaging the unborn child
H361fd Reproductive toxicity Cat 2 Suspected of damaging fertility and of damaging the unborn child
H372 Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure, Cat 1 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
H373 Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure, Cat 2 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure
  1. GHS globally harmonized system of classification and labeling of chemicals [106], Cat category