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Table 3 Comparison of latitude and longitude, plant distribution width and characteristics of lakes in the Middle-Lower Yangtze Plain (Changtan Reservoir, Taihu Lake, Xiazhu Lake) and the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau lakes (Baksum Lake, Yamdroktso, Namtso, Siling Co)

From: Characteristic and affecting factors of wetland herbs’ distribution in the radiant belt toward land of lake–terrestrial ecotone in Tibet, China

Lake district Lake Latitude Longitude Climate Wetland herbs distribution width/(m) Margalef index Shannon–Wiener index Species richness
The Middle-Lower Yangtze Plain, China Changtan Reservoir 28°03′00"N–28°40′00"N 121°00′00"E–121°04′00"E Subtropical monsoon climate 19–31 1.50 ± 0.24 1.88 ± 0.19 16.33 ± 3.23
Taihu Lake 30°55′40"N–31°32′58"N 119°52′32"E–120°36′10"E Subtropical monsoon climate 11–19 1.16 ± 0.07 1.52 ± 0.14 13.44 ± 2.14
Xiazhu Lake 30°31′28″N–30°30′53″N 120°02′54″E–120°01′52″E Subtropical monsoon climate 17–21 1.22 ± 0.09 1.57 ± 0.24 12.55 ± 3.10
The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China Baksum Lake 31°00′01″N–31°22′53″N 93°53′37″E–94°1′48″E Plateau temperate monsoon semi-humid/semi-arid climate 51 1.02 ± 0.11 0.92 ± 0.08 12.60 ± 2.27
Yamdroktso 28°27′00″N–29°12′00″N 90°08′00″E–91°45′00″E Plateau sub-frigid monsoon semi-arid climate 56 0.94 ± 0.28 1.08 ± 0.22 6.67 ± 2.38
Namtso 30°30′00″N–30°55′00″N 90°16′00″E–91°03′00″E Plateau sub-frigid monsoon semi-arid climate 33–53 0.74 ± 0.23 0.97 ± 0.26 6.34 ± 1.80
Siling Co 31°34′00″N -31°51′00″N 88°33′00″E–89°21′00″E Plateau sub-frigid monsoon semi-arid/plateau cold arid climate 19–31 0.33 ± 0.04 0.46 ± 0.05 2.28 ± 1.05