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Table 1 Lethal concentrations (LC10, LC50 and LC90) and 95% confidence levels of the investigated pesticide active ingredients and their respective commercial preparations to earthworm E. andrei for 48 h

From: Commercial preparations of pesticides exert higher toxicity and cause changes at subcellular level in earthworm Eisenia andrei

Active ingredient Conc. (µg/cm2) Lower limit Upper limit Commercial preparation Conc. (µg/cm2) Lower limit Upper limit
Thiacloprid Calypso
 LC10 0.108 − 0.051 0.267    LC10 0.013 0.010 0.017
 LC50 0.510a 0.774 1.794    LC50 0.032b 0.027 0.036
 LC90 2.407 − 8.917 13.730    LC90 0.075 0.046 0.103
Esfenvalerate Sumialfa
 LC10 0.017 0.011 0.023    LC10 0.015 − 0.0003 0.031
 LC50 0.032a 0.026 0.040    LC50 0.084a 0.034 0.134
 LC90 0.063 0.035 0.090    LC90 0.462 − 0.234 1.159
Dimethenamid-p Frontier
 LC10 3.503 2.936 4.071    LC10 1.387 0.863 1.912
 LC50 6.042a 5.482 6.602    LC50 2.524b 1.954 3.095
 LC90 10.42 7.973 12.867    LC90 4.593 1.867 7.319
Prosulfocarb Filon
 LC10 5.138 2.197 8.073    LC10 2.373 0.592 4.154
 LC50 12.464a 7.257 17.671    LC50 8.473a 4.475 12.470
 LC90 30.256 − 3.313 63.826    LC90 30.245 − 8.622 69.112
  1. LC50—values highlighted in italic letters
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