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Table 5 Description of the two clusters in terms of country/continent, gender, age, staff role and knowledge area (N = 129)

From: Handling climate change education at universities: an overview

Demographic characteristics Cluster #1 (N = 72) Cluster #2 (N = 57) Total (N = 129)
Continent
Europe 18 (46.2%) 21 (53.8%) 39 (100%)
Asia 13 (59.1%) 9 (40.9%) 22 (100%)
Africa 21 (55.3%) 17 (44.7%) 38 (100%)
Americas and Australia 20 (66.7%) 10 (33.3%) 30 (100%)
Gender
Male 47 (57.3%) 35 (42.7%) 82 (100%)
Female 25 (53.2%) 22 (46.8%) 47 (100%)
Age
Below 50 years of age 33 (50.8%) 32 (49.2%) 65 (100%)
Above 50 years of age 39 (60.9%) 25 (39.1%) 64 (100%)
Staff role
Teaching and research 53 (63.1%) 31 (36.9%) 84 (100%)
Only teaching or only research 5 (21.7%) 18 (78.3%) 23 (100%)
Temporary staff 14 (63.6%) 8 (36.4%) 22 (100%)
Sciences
Environmental sciences 22 (59.5%) 15 (40.5%) 37 (100%)
Engineering and life sciences 11 (55%) 9 (45%) 20 (100%)
Social sciences 26 (54.2%) 22 (45.8%) 48 (100%)
Natural and other sciences 13 (54.2%) 11 (45.8%) 24 (100%)
Level of agreement with climate change statements M ± SD1 M ± SD1 M ± SD1
Climate change is a real concern for my country 4.7 ± 0.8 4.3 ± 1.1 4.5 ± 1.0
The university should offer space for CCE 4.8 ± 0.6 4.5 ± 1.0 4.6 ± 0.8
My university has properly embedded climate change into teaching and learning activities 3.6 ± 0.9a 2.4 ± 0.9b 3.1 ± 1.1
My university offers nature-based/nature-immersive courses to cultivate care for the environment 3.8 ± 0.8a 2.3 ± 0.9b 3.1 ± 1.1
There are interdisciplinary research units in my university to address climate change issues 4.2 ± 0.8a 2.4 ± 1.0b 3.4 ± 1.3
I am aware of an on-going program developed by my university in the field of climate change 4.3 ± 0.8a 2.2 ± 1.0b 3.4 ± 1.4
Students in my university are keen to receive training on climate change 4.2 ± 0.8a 3.2 ± 1.1b 3.8 ± 1.1
Students in my university change their belief in climate change throughout the course 3.6 ± 0.9a 3.0 ± 0.8b 3.4 ± 0.9
There is a lot of skepticism related to climate change among students in my university 2.3 ± 1.1 2.5 ± 1.0 2.4 ± 1.1
Students in my university are motivated to undertake climate initiatives and take action in everyday life 3.8 ± 0.7a 3.1 ± 0.9b 3.5 ± 0.9
Students can have a better career pathway if they have good climate change literacy 4.1 ± 0.9 3.7 ± 1.0 3.9 ± 1.0
There is a growing demand for experts and professionals in climate change in my country 4.2 ± 0.9a 3.6 ± 1.1b 4.0 ± 1.0
Climate change training in my university will increase in the future 4.2 ± 0.7a 3.3 ± 0.9b 3.8 ± 0.9
  1. The mean ± standard deviations (M ± SD) values1 were obtained from the raw data. Note: Items denoted with different letters are significantly different at the level of 5%
  2. Likert scale: (1) “Strongly disagree”, (2) “Disagree”, (3) “No opinion”, (4) “Agree”, (5) “Strongly agree”