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Table 4 Perceived efficiency of the most important means to promote CCE (1—not efficient, 2—somewhat efficient, 3—efficient, 4—very efficient, 5—extremely efficient) (N = number, M = mean, SD = standard deviation)

From: Handling climate change education at universities: an overview

  N M SD
Problem-based learning 125 4.20 0.93
Experiential learning (internships, residencies) 124 3.89 1.01
Fieldwork 123 3.82 1.03
Short-term training workshops 125 3.62 1.01
Didactic teaching 125 3.31 1.17
Online courses 123 2.93 1.03