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Table 7 Some examples of surface soil layer contamination with mercury in regions of important sources of emissions by various authors

From: Mercury in the terrestrial environment: a review

Country Location Source of pollution Period Total Hg
mg kg−1
Mean/median Author
USA Alaska Hg-mining   0.05–5326   Bailey et al. [125]
USA Texas Hg-mining   3.8–11   Gray et al. [202]
China Wuchuan Hg-mining 2003 0.33–320   Qiu et al. [92]
China Wanshan Hg-mining 2002 5.1–790   Qiu et al. [108]
China Xiaoqinling Gold mining   0.04–61.2 Mean 2.75 Wu et al. [203]
Slovenia Idrija Hg-mining 1991–97 1734–2759 Mean 2456 Gnamuš et al. [97]
  Hg-mining 2000–01 24–1055 Median 47 Gosar et al. [127]
Slovenia Podljubelj Hg-mining 2003–04 0.35–244 Median 3.7 Teršič et al. [204]
Slovakia Rudnany Hg-mining   9.1–54.3   Banásová [205]
Spain Almaden Hg-mining   6–8889 Mean 604 Higueras et al. [126]
Spain Almaden Hg-mining   1340–4830   Dago et al. [157]
Spain Caunedo Old Hg-mining   0.09–50.0 Mean 13.1 Boente et al. [206]
Italy Vallalta Old Hg-mining   6–21   Wahsha et al. [207]
Turkey Halıköy Hg mining 2004 0.10–33 Mean 5.5 Gemici et al. [208]
China Tongguan Artisanal gold mining   0.69–23.7 Mean 2.91 Xiao et al. [209]
China Wanshan Hg-mining, artisanal gold 2012 0.5–187 Mean 31.0 Yin et al. [210]
China Guizhou Acetic acid 2016 1.09–3.71   Li et al. [93]
Italy Mt. Amiata, Hg mining, volcano-geothermal    2.4–68   Chiarantini et al. [211]
France Vosges Mountains Chlor-alkali 2002 0.16–3.99   Hissler and Probst [212]
France Grenoble Chlor-alkali   1.3–10   Grangeon et al. [213]
Kazakhstan Pavlodar Chlor-alkali   0.93–22.3   Ullrich et al. [214]
Spain Flix Chlor-alkali   0.04–12.9 Mean 0.77 Esbrí et al. [215]
Germany   Chlor-alkali   0.5–4.2 Mean 1.6 Biester et al. [216]
Netherlands   Chlor-alkali 2004 4.3–1150   Bernaus et al. [128]
Portugal Estarreja Chlor-alkali   0.010–91 Mean 5.4 Reis et al. [217]
China Huludao Chlor-alkali Zn-smelting 2006–08 0.05–14.6   Zheng et al. [218]
China An Ning Chlor-alkali   0.09–1.30  Mean 0.40  Song et al. [219]
China Kunming Chlor-alkali polyvinyl chloride   0.15–4.79   Zhu et al. [220]
Portugal Caveira Sulfide mine   1.1–76.5   Reis et al. [221]
China Lianyuan Coal main, steel industry 2015 1.20–3601 Mean 178 Liang et al. [222]
China Zhuzhou Zn/Pb smelter 2012 0.62–2.61 Mean 1.54 Wu et al. [223]
China Chongqing Thermometer factory   0.06–0.88   Wang et al. [224]
Czech Rep. Bohemian non-ferrous metal  2017 6.49   Navrátil et al. [225]
Switzerland Canton of Valais Industrial region 2017 0.2–390    Osterwalder et al. [85]
Poland Warsaw Thermometer factory 2005 122–393 Mean 147 Boszke et al. [140]
Pakistan Karachi/Lahore Highway   61.5–144 Mean 90.7 Khan et al. [226]
Germany Rhine-Westph. Floodplain soil 2017 31.2   Beckers et al. [227]
Italy Etna Volcano   0.1–0.4   Bonanno et al. [228]
European Union   23,000 samples 2009–12 0–1.59 Mean 0.04 Tóth et al. [120]
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