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Table 1 Categories and criteria of literature classification

From: General trends in freshwater ecological restoration practice in China over the past two decades: the driving factors and the evaluation of restoration outcome

CategoriesSub-categoriesCriteria
Publication details Publishing year
Journal
Language
Background information of ecosystem Ecosystem type
Project location (province or city)
Type of ecosystem
Degradation cause
Details of restoration project Spacial scale of project or research
Duration of artificial intervention
Duration of monitoring
Restoration goal
Restoration measures
Evaluation of restoration outcomeMorphological or physical characteristics of ecosystem or habitatHydrological parameters (i.e., flow velocity and hydraulic dynamics)
Sediment/soil characteristics
Structural stability
Diversity and integrity of habitat
Water qualityPhysicochemical parameters (transparency, TSS, DO, pH, etc.)
COD and BOD
Nutrients
Metals
Organic pollutants
Pathogens
Biological characteristicsBiodiversity and species richness
Abundance
Community structure
Presence of endangered species
Ecological processesPrimary and secondary production
Cycling of nutrient and organic matter
Food web diversity
Socioeconomic benefitsAquatic production, navigation, esthetic and educational value, etc.