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Table 4 Some specific issues relevant for the assessment of ‘spatio-temporal controllability’ (vertical reading)

From: Risk assessment of genetically engineered plants that can persist and propagate in the environment

Biology of the species (wild type)Interactions of the organisms with the environment (wild type)The intended biological characteristics of the GE organism
Potential to persist and propagateInteractions within the ecosystem:
   Position in the food web
   Closely associated organisms (microbiome, symbiotic organisms)
   Within the wider environment (such as beneficial/antagonist insects, soil organisms, protected/endangered species)
How can genetic stability be controlled in following generations after the release?
Population dynamics and life cycleImpact of biotic stressors e.g. pests and pathogensDoes the GE trait impact the fitness of the organisms?
Potential to spread beyond fields/into different ecosystemsOccurrence of abiotic stressors such as climate conditions (in regard to the whole life cycle)Does the trait impact the composition of biologically active compounds?
Potential for reproduction with wild populations of the same speciesRole and function in energy- and nutrient-cycleCan the persistence of the organisms be determined if necessary?
Genetic diversity in wild populations of the same species  
Potential for gene flow to other species