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Table 2 Ranking of African countries based on the amount of plastic imports and consumption between 1990 and 2017

From: Ensuring sustainability in plastics use in Africa: consumption, waste generation, and projections

Country Population (2015)a Import period Plastic in primary form (tonnes)
\(T_{{y_{1} }} = \mathop \sum \limits_{c = 3901}^{3914} P_{c}\)
Plastic as plastic product (tonnes)
\(T_{{y_{2} }} = \mathop \sum \limits_{c = 3915}^{3926} P_{c}\)
Total plastics (tonnes)
\(P_{t} = T_{{y_{1} }} + T_{{y_{2} }}\)
Approx. value (million US$)b
Egypt 94,408,000 1994–2017 17,690,897 4,007,894 21,698,792 36,966.5
Nigeria 173,000,000 1996–2017 15,765,771 4,099,822 19,865,593 23,158.2
South Africa 54,956,900 2000–2017 9,672,413 4,020,752 13,693,166 28,299.0
Algeria 40,235,000 1992–2017 10,499,605 2,643,284 13,142,889 23,237.8
Morocco 33,337,529 1993–2016 8,927,814 2,348,405 11,276,219 21,548.1
Tunisia 10,982,754 1991–2017 6,312,691 1,752,991 8,065,682 17,818.1
Kenya 45,533,000 1992–2017 3459070 755,371 4,214,440 5520.9
Ghana 27,043,093 1996–2017 2,241,856 967,192 3,209,048 4286.1
Ethiopia 99,391,000 1995–2015 2,095,508 1,045,286 3,140,793 5864.3
Zimbabwe 13,061,239 1995–2016 796,227 1,473,844 2,270,071 2118.7
Uganda 34,856,813 1994–2017 1,443,505 505,236 1,948,741 2905.9
Senegal 14,354,690 1996–2017 1,102,509 497,373 1,599,882 2506.5
Zambia 15,473,905 1995–2017 896,827 609,749 1,506,575 2520.1
Malawi 16,832,900 1990–2015 510,360 915,778 1,426,137 1048.9
Cameroon 21,917,602 1995–2017 852,119 538,971 1,391,089 2467.0
Mauritius 1,261,208 1993–2017 605,050 695,342 1,300,392 2333.5
Mozambique 28,013,000 1994–2017 664,820 622,595 1,287,414 1601.1
Botswana 2,024,904 2000–2017 347,142 539,090 886,232 1742.8
Namibia 2,280,700 2000–2017 212,491 628,956 841,447 2043.2
Madagascar 22,434,363 1990–2017 434,064 284,433 718,497 1382.5
Togo 6,191,155 1994–2017 503,322 202,433 705,755 1051.2
Mali 14,528,662 1996–2017 259,211 237,711 496,922 783.4
Mauritania 3,718,678 2000–2017 170,134 307,214 477,348 423.4
Burkina Faso 18,450,494 1995–2016 124,927 351,621 476,548 76.6
Benin 10,008,749 1998–2016 81,018 305,276 386,293 368.2
Seychelles 90,945 1994–2017 14,616 331,621 346,237 364.6
Guinea 10,628,972 1995–2015 201,223 127,521 328,744 295.7
Rwanda 10,515,973 1996–2016 80,536 171,718 252,253 542.3
Niger 17,138,707 1995–2016 31,344 151,468 182,811 290.8
Gabon 1,802,278 1993–2009 80,481 89,008 169,489 409.0
Gambia 1,882,450 1995–2016 8497 111,937 120,433 88.6
Cape Verde 491,875 1997–2017 22,013 96,638 118,651 339.4
Burundi 9,823,828 1993–2017 34,921 66,552 101,473 187.5
Total 856,671,366   86,142,982 31,503,082 117,646,056 194,589.9
  1. aPopulation source: Answers Africa [30]
  2. bApprox. value is based on the reported data in the Comtrade database