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Table 1 Illustration representing some elements of the RiBaTox decision tree and fact sheets, in relation to the conceptual framework for solution-focused risk assessment and end-user needs

From: The RiBaTox web tool: selecting methods to assess and manage the diverse problem of chemical pollution in surface waters

Decision tree-level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Monitoring strategies   
  Sampling strategies  
   Grab sampling
   Passive sampling for organic contaminants
   Passive sampling for trace metals
   Event sampling
  Analytical strategies  
   Target analysis
   SOPs compounds
   SOPs compound classes
   Preparation of standards
   Suspect screening
   Non-target screening
  Strategies for effect-based monitoring  
   In vivo tools
   In vitro tools
   Benchmarks and trigger values
   Biological early warning systems
  Strategies for toxicant identification  
   Ecotoxicological mass balances
   Virtual EDA
   Higher tier EDA
  Strategies for ecological assessment  
   Macrofauna community based
   Fish biomarkers
   Weight of evidence approaches
  1. The table shows a part of the decision tree that users are offered regarding monitoring strategies (column 1, WFD, Annex V). Column 2 shows the systematic subgrouping of main actions that can be applied. Column 3 identifies specific techniques and provides detailed fact sheets