Skip to main content

Table 4 Medians, interquartile ranges (in parentheses) and maxima (italics) of pesticide concentrations (mg kg−1 wet weight)

From: Pesticide contamination and associated risk factors at public playgrounds near intensively managed apple and wine orchards

Pesticides and pesticide classes Isarco valley (n = 4) Adige valley (n = 8) Low Adige (n = 4) Venosta (n = 16) p-value (n = 32)a p-value (N = 71)b
Pesticide concentration 0.084 (0.061–0.116)
0.163
0.024 (0.012–0.032)
0.048
0.186 (0.061–0.734)
2.024
0.032 (0.014–0.053)
0.375
0.014 0.025
  Post hoc test Adige valley: Low Adige 0.047  
Insecticide concentration 0 (0–0.006)
0.023
0.006 (0–0.018)
0.019
0.159 (0.055–0.663)
1.9
0.016 (0.013–0.03)
0.069
0.026 0.008
  Post hoc test Adige valley: Low Adige 0.049  
Fungicide concentration 0.72 (0.041–0.116)
0.163
0.006 (0–0.148)
0.028
0.027 (0–0.072)
0.124
0.013 (0–0.02)
0.325
0.061 0.027
Pesticides with endocrine activity 0.025 (0.00–0.135)
0.135
0.02 (0.0–0.03)
0.039
0.168 (0.054–0.684)
1.933
0.032 (0.014–0.053)
0.375
0.096 0.005
Concentrations of most abundant pesticides
 Phosmet 0 (0–0)
0
0.006 (0–0.018)
0.019
0 (0–0.009)
0.036
0.015 (0.013–0.03)
0.069
0.043 < 0.001
  Post hoc test Isarco valley: Venosta 0.014   
 Fluazinam 0.007 (0–0.041)
0.12
0.006 (0–0.015)
0.028
0.009 (0–0.022)
0.033
0.013 (0–0.02)
0.26
0.903 0.048
 Penthiopyrad 0.036 (0.018–0.056)
0.1
0 (0–0)
0
0 (0–0.009)
0.036
0 (0–0)
0.011
0.001 < 0.001
  Post hoc test Isarco valley: Adige valley < 0.001  
   Isarco valley: Low Adige 0.025  
   Isarco valley: Venosta < 0.001  
  1. Contaminated playgrounds (N = 32) are stratified for the four investigated valleys. Post hoc test for n = 32
  2. aKruskal–Wallis test with post hoc pairwise test for multiple comparisons of mean rank sums (Nemenyi-tests)
  3. bIncluding all sampling sites (n = 71)