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Table 2 Numbers of natural substances in the INCI list [8] originating from various organism genera

From: Naturally toxic: natural substances used in personal care products

Organism group Number of substances in the INCI list Number of substances which were notified in the C&L inventory by Not in the C&L inventory
>1,000 notifiers 500 to 1,000 notifiers 100 to 499 notifiers 10 to 99 notifiers 1 to 9 notifiers
Higher plants 1,189 1a 207 50 201 148 582
Animals and humansb 84 0 0 16c 6 10 52d
Mushroomse 34 0 0 1f 0 0 33
Algaeg 31 0 0 1h 3 6 21
Bacteriai 17 1j 0 0 0 0 16
Lichensk 3 0 1 0 1 1 0
Total 1,358 2 208 68 212 165 703
  1. Grouped according to the number of notifiers in the C&L inventory [13].
  2. a Ricinus communis oil.
  3. bIn several cases the species was not named for mammalian substances.
  4. cFor example, shellac, cera alba (beeswax), albumen (eggwhite), colostrum, lac powder, ovum, royal jelly.
  5. dNo notifiers, e.g.: embryo extract neural extract, pellis lipida (animals' skin lipids), royal jelly extract, spleen extract, spinal cord extract, sus extract (extract from the skin of the pig), thymus extract (thymus glands extract), umbilical extract.
  6. eMost entries are Saccharomyces ferment.
  7. fFaex extract (yeast extract).
  8. gFor example: Caulerpa taxifolia, Chlorella vulgaris, Chondrus crispus (Irish moss or carrageen moss), Corallina officinalis, Delesseria sanguinea, Fucus serratus, Laminaria digitata, Laminaria japonica, Palmaria palmate (dulse), Ulva lactuca (sea lettuce).
  9. h Fucus vesiculosus extract (bladderwrack algae).
  10. iFor example, the following genera: Aspergillus, Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Streptococcus.
  11. jXanthan gum (polysaccharide secreted by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris).
  12. kExtracts from Usnea barbata (tree moss), Cetraria Islandica (Iceland moss), and Evernia prunastri.