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Table 5 Characteristics of electric cars (compact class) today in comparison with the converted Smart

From: Electric cars: technical characteristics and environmental impacts

  Held and Baumann 2011 Held Lambrecht Frisch-knecht Althaus Freire This study
New Smart Converted Smart
Car weight (kg) 1,037 1,670 N.a. 1,632 1,880 1,531 880 880
Lifetime car (km) 171,600 171,600 150,000 150,000 150,000 200,000 100,000 100,000
Battery weight (kg) 200a 400 250 312 400 329 160 160
Lifetime battery (km) 114,400 114,400 100,000 75,000 150,000 100,000 100,000 100,000
Electricity consumption (kWh/100 km) 18.7 22.9 22 20 20 18.8 14.5 14.5
Electricity mix DE DE DE CH CH PT DE DE
Climate change impact (g CO2-eq/km) (170)a 240 225 150 95 165 140 108