European Network of Scientists for Social and Environmental Responsibility (ENSSER)
© Springer-Verlag 2010
Received: 30 August 2010
Accepted: 31 August 2010
Published: 25 September 2010
For many years, we have numerous controversies within the scientific community as well as in the public sphere regarding techno-scientific issues with potentially long-lasting consequences for the future development of our societies, humankind and our planet. Some of the diverse and most prominent examples are climate change, loss of biodiversity, development of agro-food systems (GMOs, biotechnology, biosafety, food sovereignty), emerging technologies (e. g. nanotechnologies), degradation of ecosystem services, and agricultural policy.
Furthermore, uncertainties in scientific results, inadequate scientific knowledge, narrow risk assessments, premature commercialization, lack of alternatives in research to counterbalance dominant technological approaches, the loss of diversity in science, the imperative of competitiveness and forced economic valorisation of research, and thus the relationship between science, technology and democracy as a whole need reflection and reaction more than ever before.
More independent research is needed, integrating knowledge from different scientific disciplines, new research questions and methodological approaches, including a broadening of the discussion on the required science and level of evidence, creating new and permanent links to other non-scientific knowledge systems, and reducing the influence of industry on those knowledge systems that should be used to assess and control its activities.
Many critical scientists feel that the moment has come and must be seized to focus the debates constructively towards the development of new concepts, in particular for the assessment of techno-scientific developments. Establishing a platform that allows scientists in Europe to discuss their views amongst them and to coordinate and publicize their opinions beyond the respective national science circles and to European societies at large could be one answer.
In the summer of 2008, a group of scientists recommended that a European network of scientists should be formed to give a stronger voice to those scientists who develop their hypotheses, concepts and methodologies independently from the commercial application of the technology.
To assess the ecological, health, and socioeconomic effects of the application of existing and future science and technologies.
To assess alternative options to mainstream science and technologies with the aim to strengthen citizens’ interests over vested and corporate interests.
The purpose of the European Network of Scientists for Social and Environmental Responsibility e. V. (ENSSER) is the advancement of science and research for the protection of the environment, biological diversity and human health against negative impacts of new technologies and their products. ENSSER advocates the use of science and technology in the public interest. This means benign and peaceful uses of natural processes, scientific discoveries and technological developments, while expanding diverse approaches to them. ENSSER considers critical thinking and options analysis to be crucial for solving current social and environmental problems and for meeting future challenges through sustainable, humane development. ENSSER promotes the critical European and international discourse on new technologies, their impacts and their regulation.
As a fundamental obstacle, scientific and technological activities – and their gaps – are increasingly driven by private interests. Consequently, other social and environmental needs are largely neglected in mainstream research activities. The relationship between science, society and environment has to be restructured. In this context, ENSSER will contribute to the questioning and redefining of current models of progress and economic growth. ENSSER will promote more democratic and participatory agenda-setting processes. This requires the creation of spaces for scientific work independent from the influence of the developers and owners of current technologies. For ENSSER, this also includes the identification, use, and quality assessment of scientific, lay, local, traditional and other knowledge sources.
4 Support and Defense
A key aim of ENSSER is to support and defend critical and independent science and research. ENSSER is aware of the increasing corporate influence and control on the agenda setting and conduct of science and research. At the same time, there is an increasing demand by the public and regulators to demonstrate safety and sustainability of production processes and industrial products through scientific research. In this context, the research and results of scientists who are not embedded in corporate interest networks is of high interest and value. Not surprisingly, results and their interpretations of independent scientists attract specific attention by all stakeholders in case they do not confirm the results and interpretations of corporate interest networks. Apart from legitimate criticism on technical issues, ENSSER has observed an increasing tendency to attac and discredit internally and publically the scientists who produce dissenting results and interpretations. ENSSER is dedicated to provide a public forum to document and analyse these controversies and attacs.
5 Board of Directors
The ENSSER board currently has seven members:
Dr. Angelika Hilbeck (Switzerland)
Institute of Integrative Biology
Department of Environmental Sciences
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
Dr. Christian Velot (France)
Institut de Génétique et Microbiologie
Université Paris-Sud, Centre Scientifique d’Orsay
Dr. Rosa Binimelis (Spain)
Dr. David Quist (Norway)
GenØk – Centre for Biosafety
Claudia Neubauer (France)
Fondation Sciences Citoyennes
Dr. Ricarda Steinbrecher (United Kingdom)
Dr. Andras Szekacs (Hungary)
Plant Protection Institute
Department for Ecotoxicology and Environmental Analysis
Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest
Democratising Science and Decision Making
Developing Responsible Approaches to Risk Assessment and Biosafety
Increasing Public Information
Support and Defense: Protecting Whistleblowing and Dissenting Scientists
Reforming the GMO Approval System
Scientific Conference in Nagoya/Japan in October 2010
7 Advancing the Understanding of Biosafety: Latest scientific findings, policy responses and public participation, October 7–9 Nagoya, Japan
European Network of Scientists for Social and Environmental Responsibility (ENSSER),
Nagoya University, Graduate School of Environmental Studies,
Third World Network (TWN), and
Vereinigung Deutscher Wissenschaftler (VDW, Federation of German Scientists)
are announcing as organizers the international symposium „Advancing the Understanding of Biosafety“. The symposium will be convened from October 7–9 in Nagoya/Japan, just before the 5th meeting of the members of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (MOP-5) will take place.
European Environment Agency (EEA), Denmark
International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES)
Unión de Científicos Comprometidos con la Sociedad (UCCS), Mexico
7.1 Dates and venues
1) Scientific Findings
7 October 2010 (14:00–18:15)
8 October 2010 (09:00–18:00)
9 October 2010 (09:00–12:45)
Lecture Hall at Graduate School of Environmental Studies Building, Nagoya University, Higashiyama-Campus.
2) Policy Responses and Public Participation
9 October 2010 (15:00–18:00)
Language: English and simultaneous translation into Japanese.
Large Lecture Hall at IB Building, Nagoya University, Higashiyama-Campus.
Abstracts of the lectures will be available in September. The lectures will be posted after the Symposium.
Welcome and introduction
tbd (Nagoya University, Graduate School of Environmental Sciences)
Yoke-Ling Chee (Third World Network, Director)
Dr. Angelika Hilbeck (ENSSER, Chairperson)
Outlook on the Fifth Meeting of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (MOP5)
Christine von Weizsäcker (VDW), Germany
Maize Native Landraces, Transgenic Maize, Food Security and Cultural Conflicts in Mexico
Prof. Antonio Turrent Fernández (INIFAP and UCCS), Mexico
India’s Bt Brinjal: From the Supreme Court to Science in Public Debate – How Civil Society Prevailed against Monsanto and the Regulator
Aruna Rodrigues (Petitioner at the Supreme Court), India
Assessing Systemic Risks: A Holistic Concept
Dr. Broder Breckling (University of Vechta), Germany
Sound Science: Assessment of Applications sent to the European Food Safety Agency
Dr. Andreas Heissenberger (Umweltbundesamt – Environment Agency Austria), Austria
Bt Crops – Controversies Around the Science Necessary for Risk Assessment
Dr. Angelika Hilbeck (ETH Zürich), Switzerland
GM Maize and Glyphosate-Based Herbicides: Health Studies
Prof. Gilles-Eric Séralini (University of Caen), France
Transgenic Fish: How to Assess Contained Use Applications
Prof. Antonietta Guitierrez (University of Lima), Peru
GE Viruses: Environmental Challenges
Prof. Terje Traavik (GenØk – Center for Biosafety), Norway
Spread of Herbicide: Tolerant Canola in Japan
Prof. Masaharu Kawata (Yokkaichi University), Japan
Transgene Flow in Small-Scale Systems: Ghana as Model
Dr. Denis Worlanyo Aheto (University of Cape Coast), Ghana
GM Gene Flow in South African Commercial Maize Cultivation
Prof. Chris Viljoen (Free State University), South Africa
Patenting Genes and Plants: Intellectual Property Rights Transform Research and Agricultural Innovation
M. Phil. Lim Li Ching (Third World Network), Malaysia
Yields of GM Crops: Fit for Feeding the World?
Dr. David Quist (GenØk – Center for Biosafety), Norway, in cooperation with Dr. Doug Gurian-Sherman (Union of Concerned Scientists), USA
Bt-Resistant Target Pests: Quick Occurrence in South Africa
Prof. Johnnie van den Berg (North-West University), South Africa
Environmental and Agronomic Issues of GE Soy in South America
Prof. Walter A. Pengue (University of General Sarmiento, Buenos Aires), Argentina
International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development – Which technology? Whose technology?
Prof. Jack Heinemann (University of Canterbury) New Zealand
Oct 9 (15:00) – Pre-COP10-MOP5 Citizen Forum on Social Sustainability and Biological Safety
Overview on MOP5 and COP10 from the Perspective of Sustainability Studies
Prof. Yoshitsugu Hayashi, Nagoya University, Japan
Important Issues for Japan at MOP5 and COP10
Christine von Weizsäcker, VDW, Germany
Summary of the Scientific Findings of the Biosafety Conference
Hartmut Meyer, ENSSER coordinator
Coordinator: NN (Asahi Shinbun Newspaper)
Panelist: Kiichiro Hayashi (NU)
NN (Nippon Keidanren)
Antonio Turrent Fernández (INIFAP)
Christine von Weizsäcker
17:45 Summary of the Day and Closure
(simultaneous translation into Japanese provided)
In den Steinäckern 13, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany