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Nematoden in der ökotoxikologischen Forschung

Plädoyer für eine vernachlässigte, jedoch sehr aussagekräftige Tiergruppe

  • The Erratum to this article has been published in Umweltwissenschaften und Schadstoff-Forschung 1996 8:BF03038777

Zusammenfassung

In diesem Beitrag wird auf die ökologische Rolle von freilebenden Nematoden (Fadenwürmer) sowie auf eine Anwendung innerhalb ökotoxikologischer Arbeiten eingegangen. Nematoden sind, abgesehen von Protozoen, sowohl im Boden als auch in Sedimenten zahlenmäßig die häufigste Tiergruppe. Die Tatsache, daß diese Tiergruppe zudem artenreich ist und verschiedene trophische Niveaus umfaßt, könnte sie für ökotoxikologische Arbeiten prädestinieren, wenn ihre Taxonomie nicht so schwierig wäre. Wir stellen einen ataxonomischen und einen taxonomischen Bioindikations-Ansatz vor, mit denen auf die Belastung sowohl von terrestrischen als auch aquatischen Ökosystemen rückgeschlossen werden kann. Für beide Systeme kann folglich mit einheitlichen Indikationsansätzen gearbeitet werden. Ebenso lassen sich über bestimmte morphologische Besonderheiten mögliche Biomarker ableiten. Aus der ökologischen Rolle innerhalb der Nährstoffkreisläufe und des Abbaus von schwerverwertbaren Substraten (z.B. Chitin) schließen wir ferner, daß Nematoden auch in der Umweltbiotechnologie eine größere Rolle als bisher spielen können.

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Correspondence to Walter Traunspurger.

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Ein Erratum zu diesem Beitrag ist unter http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF03038777 zu finden.

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Traunspurger, W., Steinberg, C. & Bongers, T. Nematoden in der ökotoxikologischen Forschung. UWSF - Z Umweltchem Ökotox 7, 74–83 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02938771

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Schlagwörter

  • Nematoden
  • biologische Testmethoden
  • terrestrische und aquatische Ökosysteme
  • Ökotoxikologie