Skip to main content

Table 6 Example definition of Specific Protection Goals for invertebrates potentially exposed to an insecticide [105]

From: Commentary: Assessing the endocrine disrupting effects of chemicals on invertebrates in the European Union

Ecosystem services key driver Problem Focal species Entity Attribute Spatial scale Temporal scale Model type Model output
Soil
invertebrates
Effects of application scenarios on populations Eisenia fetida,
Folsomia
candida
Population Abundance
& biomass
In-crop 1 year Spatially explicit Individual-Based Model (IBM) Time to recovery
Terrestrial invertebrates Recovery of populations Linyphyiid spiders, carabid beetle Population Abundance In-field/off-field A few
years
Spatially
explicit
IBM
Time to
recovery
Aquatic
invertebrates
Effects of time
variable
exposure on
populations
Gammarus,
Chaoborus,
Daphnia
Population Abundance Edge of field
water body
1 to a few
years
Toxicokinetic–Toxicodynamic and IBM Magnitude
and duration
of effect