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Table 1 Studies of various compounds with experimental bioNER quantification found in literature

From: Critical evaluation of the microbial turnover to biomass approach for the estimation of biogenic non-extractable residues (NER)

Substance Incubation time (days) Label Test Method Comment References
2,4-D 64 13C Soil tAA   [15, 30, 31]
Ibuprofen 90 13C Soil tAA   [15, 30, 31]
Glyphosate 80 13C, 15 N Sediment tAA Co-label C and N [16, 32]
Bisphenol S 28 14C Soil Silylation bioNER calculated from measured NER I and II [27]
DP 84 14C Soil tAA Cinit 1 mg/kg [33]
DS 84 14C Soil tAA Same [33]
DA 84 14
C
Soil tAA Same [33]
Bromoxynil 120 13C, 14C Soil AAE Cinit 4 mg/kg 14C, 40 mg/kg 13C [29]
Bromoxynil 32 13C Soil tAA Cinit 50 mg/kg [33]
Bromoxynil 56 14C Soil tAA Cinit 16.5 mg/kg [35]
Isoproturon 46 14C Soil Unique Unique method [28]
Isoproturon 120 13C, 14C Soil AAE Cinit 4 mg/kg 14C and 40 mg/kg 13C [29]
MCPA 65 13C Soil tAA With/out litter [25]
Metamitron 80 13C Soil tAA   [36]
Pendimethalin (compost added) 204, 400 14C Soil Silylation bioNER calculated from measured NER I and II [26]
Sulfadiazine 121 13C, 14C Soil AAE Cinit 4 mg/kg 14C and 40 mg/kg 13C [29]
Substance no. 4 120 14C Soil AAE Cinit 1 mg/kg [37]
  1. DP is dodecylphenol, DA is dodecylbenzyl trimethylammonium chloride, DS is dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid
  2. “AAE” means amino acid extraction by 6 M HCl and subsequent clean-up by cation exchange SPE-Dowex column; tAA (total amino acid) determination was by 6 M HCl for protein extraction and subsequent determination of selected amino acids