Skip to main content

Table 1 Participant characteristics (N = 1267) in NHANES 2013–2016

From: The bisphenol F and bisphenol S and cardiovascular disease: results from NHANES 2013–2016

Variables Health (%) CVD (%) P
Overall 1129 (89.10) 138 (10.90)  
Age 47.78 ± 16.98 65.83 ± 11.17  < 0.001***
Gender 0.422
 Male 540 (47.83) 71 (51.45)  
 Female 589 (52.17) 67 (48.55)  
Race/ethnicity 0.094
 Mexican American 160 (14.17) 12 (8.70)  
 Other Hispanic 134 (11.87) 12 (8.70)  
 Non-Hispanic White 448 (39.68) 65 (47.10)  
 Non-Hispanic Black 241 (21.35) 36 (26.08)  
 Other Race-Including Multi-Racial 146 (12.93) 13 (9.42)  
BMI (kg/m2) 0.021
 Underweight/Normal weight 335 (29.67) 28 (20.29)  
 Overweight/Obesity 794 (70.33) 110 (79.71)  
Education levels 0.073
 Less than 9th grade 75 (6.64) 12 (8.70)  
 9–11th grade 154 (13.64) 22 (15.94)  
 High school graduate 237 (20.99) 38 (27.54)  
 Some college or AA degree 361 (31.98) 43 (31.16)  
 College graduate or above 302 (26.75) 23 (16.66)  
Family PIR 0.290
 PIR < 2.5 609 (53.94) 81 (58.70)  
 2.5 ≤ PIR < 6 520 (46.06) 57 (41.30)  
Physical activity 0.001**
 Never/Moderate 698 (61.82) 106 (76.81)  
 Vigorous 431 (38.18) 32 (23.19)  
Alcohol drinking status 0.136
 No 309 (27.37) 46 (33.33)  
 Yes 820 (72.63) 92 (66.67)  
Smoking status  < 0.001***
 Never 662 (58.64) 52 (37.68)  
 Former/Active 467 (41.36) 86 (62.32)  
Diabetes  < 0.001***
 Normal 998 (88.40) 87 (63.04)  
 Diabetes 131 (11.60) 51 (36.96)  
Blood pressure  < 0.001***
 Normal 749 (66.34) 40 (28.99)  
 Hypertension 380 (33.66) 98 (71.01)  
Creatinine (μmol/L) 11,593.55 ± 6857.02 10,130.77 ± 5873.86 0.037*
Energy (kcal) 2132.02 ± 1031.85 1856.28 ± 923.27  < 0.001***
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.93 ± 0.90 2.52 ± 0.89  < 0.001***
BPS (ng/mL) 1.49 ± 5.82 2.28 ± 8.79 0.479
BPF (ng/mL) 1.69 ± 7.12 1.44 ± 3.69 0.073
BPA (ng/mL) 2.24 ± 5.50 1.91 ± 2.38 0.266
  1. M ± SD, Frequency (percentage). BMI body mass index, CVD cardiovascular disease, PIR poverty-income ratio; * p< 0.05;  ** p< 0.01; *** p< 0.001. The bold values indicate statistically significant differences