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Table 2 Pure microbial strains degrading tetracycline

From: Environmental fate of tetracycline antibiotics: degradation pathway mechanisms, challenges, and perspectives

  Microbial strain Initial TC concentration1 (mg L−1) pH Temperature (°C) % degradation Degradation pathway Reference
Pure bacterial cultures Stenotrophomonas maltophilia DT1 50 9 30 89 Denitromethylation, decarbonylation, deamination [17]
Sphingobacterium sp. strain PM2‐P1‐29 20 7 30 50 Not reported [80]
Klebsiella sp. strain TR5 200 7 28 90 Oxidation, hydrolysis ring-opening, decarbonylation, deamination, demethylation [18]
Bacillus sp. TD-1
Shewanella sp. TD-4
Shewanella sp. TD-5
100 7.2 37 98.89
94.96
97.60
Not reported [81]
Pure fungal cultures Trichosporon mycotoxinivorans XPY-10 200–800 7 30 89.61 Epimerization, dehydration, proton-transfer pathway [82]