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Table 1 Relevant ecological information of glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) or active ingredients (AIs) used in the current experiment according to safety data sheets (SDSs) of the manufacturers, and for AIs only according to the Pesticide Properties Database (PPDB; sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/ppdb/en/index.htm)

From: Effects of glyphosate-based herbicides and their active ingredients on earthworms, water infiltration and glyphosate leaching are influenced by soil properties

GBH AI Conc. AI (g l−1) GBH tested on earth- worms (spp.) AI tested on earthworms (spp.) Persistence and degradability Mobility in soil Known co-formulants
Roundup LB Plus Isopropyl-ammonium salt (Ipa) 486 No info in SDS and PPDB No info in SDS; low acute and moderate chronic toxicity (E. fetida) in PPDB No info in SDS and PPDB No info in SDS; non mobile in PPDB No info in SDS and PPDB
Roundup Power Flex Potassium salt (Po) 588 Yes (Eisenia fetida) No info in SDS and PPDB Half-life: 2–174 days Strong adsorption in SDS; no info in PPDB  < 20% alkyl polyglycosides; < 3% nitroryl; > 33% water & formulation additives in SDS; no info in PPDB
Touchdown Quattro Diammonium salt (Am) 435 No info in SDS and PPDB No info in SDS and PPDB No info in SDS and PPDB Immobile in SDS; no info in PPDB 10–20% D-gluco-pyranose, oligomeric, decyl octyl glycosides in SDS; no info in PPDB
  1. Ecotoxicological assessment for all three GBHs and AIs attest them acute aquatic toxicity