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Table 3 Maximum residues (MR in mg kg−1) in grass samples of frequently detected pesticides and surrogate maximum residue limits (MRL) according to EU database [30], assuming similar contamination levels for vegetables and fruits from home gardens

From: Year-round pesticide contamination of public sites near intensively managed agricultural areas in South Tyrol

Pesticide Current MR (grass) MRL according to EU database [30] Relationship to lowest surrogate MRL
Lettuce Spinach Strawberry
Chlorpyrifos 0.71 0.30 0.01 0.01 71-fold over
Fluazinam 0.24 0.05 0.01 0.01 24-fold over
Dodine 0.23 0.01 0.01 0.01 23-fold over
Captan 0.46 0.03 0.03 5.00 15-fold over
Oxadiazon 0.64 0.05 0.05 0.05 13-fold over
Chlorpyrifos-methyl 0.06 0.06 0.01 0.01 Sixfold over
Folpet 0.15 0.03 0.03 1.50 Fivefold over
Penconazole 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.50 Fourfold over
Meptyldinocap 0.15 0.05 0.05 3.00 Threefold over
Phosmet 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.05 1.4-fold over
Imidacloprid 0.03 2.00 0.05 0.05 1.7-fold under
Difenoconazole 0.12 3.00 2.00 0.40 Threefold under
Penthiopyrad 0.10 15.00 30.00 3.00 30-fold under
Fluxapyroxad 0.09 4.00 3.00 4.00 33-fold under
Methoxyfenozid 0.03 4.00 4.00 2.00 67-fold under
Fludioxonil 0.04 40.00 30.00 4.00 100-fold under
  1. Italic print indicates concentrations exceeding surrogate-MRLs. Comparisons were made to the lowest reported MRL