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Table 2 Characteristics of the reviewed invertebrates; * metal or metal oxide-based ENMs; ** dissection of different compartments for investigations on biodistribution possible; n.d. = not described;

From: Bioaccumulation assessment of nanomaterials using freshwater invertebrate species

Category Bivalvia Gastropoda Isopoda Amphipoda Branchiopoda
Endpoints BAF BAF (BMF) BCF, BMF BCF, BMF BAF
Literature—biology & physiology  +  +   +  +   +   +  +   +  +  + 
Literature & data—metal uptake/ accumulation  +   +  +   +  +   +  +   +  + 
Literature & data—ENM* uptake/ accumulation  +   +  -  +   +  + 
Reproduction in lab -  +   +  +   +  +  +   +  +  + 
Lab culture  +   +  +   +  +   +  +  +   +  +  + 
Size of organisms  +  +  + , **  +  +  + , **  +   +  +  +  + 
ENM* exposure test system  +  + , for BAF n.d n.d  +  +  + , for BCF & BMF  + 
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