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Table 3 Ranges of yearly average concentrations of TSS in the effluent of the WWTP [12]

From: Developing EU environmental standards for the food, drink and milk industries: key environmental issues and data collection

FDM subsector Yearly average TSS concentration (mg/l)
Direct discharge Indirect discharge Landspreading
Animal feed 4.6–97 91–303 NI
Brewing 2.5–21 1.58–1095 NI
Dairies 0.6–41.4 18–1095 NI
Ethanol production NI NI NI
Fish and shellfish processing NI 1570 NI
Fruit and vegetables 3–65.3 84 301–1132
Grain milling NI NI NI
Meat processing 0.02–51.2 135–1 440 481.25
Oilseed processing and vegetable oil refining 0.02–166 0.15–153 NI
Olive oil processing and refining NI 130–300 NI
Soft drinks and nectar/juice 0.05–34.4 29 88
Starch production 5–42.8 29 130–5107
Sugar manufacturing 0.04–128 980 4021
All FDM subsectors 0.02–166 0.15–1440 88–5107
  1. NI no information provided