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Table 4 Concentration ranges and mean value of OCPs in the water dissolved phase (DP), the suspended particulate matter (SPM) and the sediments from recent studies of different rivers, estuaries and coasts in the world

From: Polychlorinated biphenyls and organochlorine pesticides in water and sediment from Volturno River, Southern Italy: occurrence, distribution and risk assessment

Area References N. of OCPs DP (ng L−1) SPM (ng L−1) Sediments (ng g−1) DP + SPM (ng L−1)
Range Mean Range Mean Range Mean Range Mean
OCPs
Asia
 Bengal Bay, India Chakraborty et al. [76]   2–245 47       
 Pearl River Delta, China Huang et al. [77] 8 14.8–87.8        
 Yangtze River, China Zhou et al. [74] 12      0.17–5.0 2.09   
 Yangtze River, China Li et al. [100] 19      0.4–82.1    
 Chao River, China Yu et al. [38] 24      0.81–16.85    
 Huaihe River, China Meng et al. [101] 6      1.48–32.65    
 Shuangtaizi Estuary, China Yuan et al. [9] 18      0.02–14.57 5.65   
 Yangtze River, China Lin et al. [73] 8 0.31–1.63 0.92       
 Poyang Lake, China Zhi et al. [78] 20 20.65–115        
 Hangzhou Bay, China Adeleye et al. [33] 8      0.60–24.50    
 Hangzhou Bay, China Li et al. [79] 10 1.35–26.36 9.39 2.52–27.99      
 China Sea, China Kaiser et al. [40] 4      ND–0.82    
Africa
 Congo River Basin, Congo Mwanamoki et al. [42] 5      0.61–3.33    
 Awash River Basin, Ethiopia Dirbaba et al. [80] 16      6.63–206.13 76.43   
 Nairobi River, Kenya Ndunda et al. [102] 17 ND-39.7     0.01–41.9    
America  
 Sea Lots, Trinidad and Tobago Mohammed et al. [52] 29      44.5–145    
 Gulf of Batabanò, Cuba Alonso-Hernandez et al. [75] 5      0.029–0.374    
 Jaguaribe River, Brazil Oliveira et al. [81] 8      5.09–154.43    
Europe
 Arc River, France Kanzari et al. [16] 15      0.02–7.15    
 Portuguese Coastal Area, Portugal Carvalho et al. [57] 12      0.08–26    
 Moscow River, Russia Eremina et al. [48] 11 ND-51.1        
 Someşu Mic River, Romania Barhoumi et al. [61] 11      1.00–39.24    
Mediterranean sea
 Candarli Gulf, Turkey Pazi et al. [82] 9      10.2–57.3    
 Izmir Bay, Turkey Pazi et al. [43] 9      0.12–11.35    
 Calanque National Park coastlines, France Syakti et al. [103] 18      1.2–190.6    
 Durance River and Berre Lagoon, France Kanzari et al. [60] 11      0.07–2.11    
 Egyptian Coast, Egypt Barakat et al. [83] 14      0.27–83.4    
 River Po, Italy Viganò et al. [63] 6      7.5–68.2    
 Northern coast of Cyprus Kucuksezgin et al. [84] 9      2.78–306.4 50.8   
 Plitvice Lakes, Croatia Dvorscak et al. [46] 11      0.30–5.86    
This study   16 0.45–6.9 1.5 0.08–5.7 1.0 0.52–9.8 2.7 0.9–8.6 2.5