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Table 2 Scope of existing national legislation to control the use of lead shot in European Member States

From: An evaluation of the proposal to regulate lead in hunting ammunition through the European Union’s REACH regulation

Member StateBan on use of lead shotDetailsTotal number of hunters
HRProhibited in designed areas (scope unknown) 50,000
DKCompleteApplies throughout MS, irrespective of habitat or species hunted165,000
NLCompleteApplies throughout MS, irrespective of habitat or species hunted28,170
BECompleteApplies throughout MS, irrespective of habitat or species hunted34,000
BGProhibited in designed areas (wide scope)Not permitted in wetlands based on Ramsar convention definition and buffer zone of 200 m110,000
FRProhibited in designed areas (wide scope)(1) Foreshore; (2) marshes not dried; (3) rivers, canals, reservoirs, lakes and ponds; Hunting and hunting of these game animals are permitted only at a maximum distance of 30 meters from the body of water provided that they have the right to hunt on it1331,000
HUProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope)Not permitted within designated sites. Regulation lists 33 wetland areas, including Ramsar sites55,000
ITProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope)Ban on wetlands in SPAs and SACs (with 150 m buffer). Wetland defined as lakes, ponds, marshes, oxbows and lagoons (freshwater, saltwater, brackish)750,000
CYProhibited in designed areas (wide scope)Not permitted in waterbodies, whether artificial (salt lakes) or not (dams/reservoirs/sewage treatment ponds)—buffer zone of 300 meters45,000
ATProhibited for hunting designated speciesNot permitted for hunting waterfowl; wherever they occur.118,000
CZProhibited for hunting designated speciesNot permitted for hunting waterfowl; wherever they occur226,585
DEProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope)Not permitted in waterbodies (all shorelines, lakes and rivers)351 000
ESProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope)Not permitted within designated Ramsar sites, Natura 2000 sites, nature protected sites980,000
FIProhibited for hunting designated speciesNot permitted for hunting waterfowl; wherever they occur308,000
LVProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope)Not permitted for waterfowl hunting protected areas (Ramsar sites, SPAs and nature reserves)25,000
PTProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope)Designated Ramsar sites, Natura 2000 sites and nature protected sites230,000
SEProhibited in designed areas (wide scope)Wetlands are defined in the regulation as a vegetation covered area where the water surface is closely under, at the same level or closely over the land surface and where the water level is allowed to vary according to the natural seasonal variations290,000
UK
 ENProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope) and for hunting certain speciesNot permitted to be used on foreshore, selected sites of special scientific interest (SSSIs); not permitted for hunting ducks, geese, swans, coot, moorhen; wherever they occur800,000
 WAProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope) and for hunting certain speciesNot permitted to be used on foreshore, selected sites of special scientific interest (SSSIs); not permitted for hunting ducks, geese, swans, coot, moorhen wherever they occur
 SCOProhibited in designed areas (wide scope)Not permitted in wetlands based on Ramsar convention definition, but peatlands interpreted to mean ‘peatlands with visible water’)
 NIProhibited in designed areas (wide scope)Not permitted in wetlands based on Ramsar convention definition, but peatlands interpreted to mean ‘peatlands with visible water’)
IENo ban in place350,000
EEProhibited for hunting designated speciesUse of lead gunshot to hunt waterfowl is prohibited16,600
LUProhibited in designed areas (wide scope)marshes, lakes, ponds, reservoirs, rivers and canals and a buffer zone of 30 m2000
LTProhibited in designed areas (narrow scope)Hunting forbidden in most important wetlands32,000
MTProhibited in designed areas (scope unknown)No wetlands on Malta where hunting is permitted15,000
SIProhibited in designed areas (scope unknown)22,000
SKProhibited in designed areas (wide scope) and for hunting certain speciesWetlands: territory with swamps, low bogs or peat bogs, wet meadows, natural flowing water and natural stagnant water including a water-stream and water area with ponds and water reservoirs; waterbird game species: mallard, greylag goose, bean goose, white-fronted goose and coot55,000
GRNo ban on place235,000
PLNo ban in place106,000
RONo ban in place60,000