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Table 1 Test guidelines for pesticides separated by systematic groups of test organisms with information on the number of test guidelines available for laboratory, microcosm and field experiments, the range of study durations, and the test item application

From: Food-related exposure to systemic pesticides and pesticides from transgenic plants: evaluation of aquatic test strategies

Systematic groupNumber of guidelinesStudy durationApplication
LaboratoryMicrocosmsField
Algae, cyanobacteria and macrophytes242124 h–14 daysDissolved in water or spiked in sediment
Bacteria and microorganisms15000.5 h–3 hDissolved in water
Rotifers42024 h–63 daysDissolved in water
Crustaceans4430  
 Daphniidae313024 h–42 daysDissolved in water
 Gammaridae50048 h–8 daysDissolved in water
 Dogielinotidae92096 h–56 daysDissolved in water or spiked in sediment
 Cyprididae1206 days–63 daysDissolved in water or spiked in sediment
 Ostracoda1206 days–56 daysDissolved in water or spiked in sediment
 Decapoda (Cambridae sp., Astacidae sp. or Parastacidae sp.)610 Dissolved in water
 Atyidae1001 h–96 hDissolved in water
 Thamnocephalidae1001 h–24 hDissolved in water
Insects171048 h–65 daysDissolved in water or spiked in sediment
 Diptera150048 h–65 daysDissolved in water or spiked in sediment
 Ephemeroptera91048 h–28 daysDissolved in water or spiked in sediment
 Plecoptera30024 h–8 daysDissolved in water
 Trichoptera100At least 21 daysDissolved in water and/or in the diet
Sediment-dwelling60096 h–28 daysSpiked in sediment
Molluscs51124 h–30 daysDissolved in water
Fish541024 h–120 days or full life cycleDissolved in water or spiked in food
Amphibians70048 h–30 daysDissolved in water or spiked sediment
Others431