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Table 3 Examples of contaminated materials recovered for further use

From: How should we deal with the interfaces between chemicals, product and waste legislation?

Material Contaminant Maximum concentration Separate collection Product
PVC window frames Cd stabilisers 0.1%/0.01% Voluntary PVC window frames
Plastics from bottle crates Pigments containing heavy metals Regulations for Pb, Cd, … pigments Voluntary, incentivised by deposits Bottle crates
Used paper towels Pathogens (cannot be excluded) Should not be mixed with other used paper and cardboard Voluntary (introduced by Essity, trade name Tork) Toilet paper
Mixed plastic products Unknown, potentially hazardous additives Does not meet quality requirements for most products Residues from sorting facilities Substitute for concrete or wooden parts used outside