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Table 2 Medians, interquartile ranges (in parentheses) and maximum concentrations (italics) of pesticide concentrations (mg kg−1 wet weight)

From: Pesticide contamination and associated risk factors at public playgrounds near intensively managed apple and wine orchards

Pesticides and pesticide classes Total (N = 32) NEAR (N = 21) FAR (N = 11) p-value (N = 32)a p-value (n = 71)b
Pesticide concentration 0.035 (0.016–0.067)
2.024
0.041 (0.029–0.082)
2.024
0.014 (0.013–0.039)
0.117
0.024 0.001
Insecticide concentration 0.014 (0.00–0.027)
1.9
0.018 (0.00–0.032)
1.9
0.014 (0.006–0.017)
0.05
0.431 0.036
Fungicide concentration 0.013 (0.00–0.036)
0.325
0.02 (0.011–0.048)
0.325
0.00 (0.00–0.012)
0.063
0.010 < 0.001
Pesticides with endocrine activity 0.032 (0.014–0.067)
1.93
0.033 (0.018–0.068)
1.93
0.014 (0.011–0.023)
0.117
0.071 0.006
Concentrations of most abundant pesticides
 Phosmet 0.013 (0.00–0.019)
0.069
0.011 (0.00–0.019)
0.069
0.013 (0.00–0.017)
0.054
0.983 0.148
 Fluazinam 0.012 (0.00–0.019)
0.26
0.014 (0.00–0.022)
0.26
0.00 (0.00–0.007)
0.049
0.068 0.003
 Penthiopyrad 0.0 (0.000.00)
0.1
0.0 (0.000.011)
0.1
0 0.058 0.008
  1. Contaminated playgrounds (N = 32) were stratified by distance from agricultural fields: ≤ 50 m = NEAR, > 50 m = FAR
  2. aMann–Whitney U test with continuity correction
  3. bIncluding all sampling sites (n = 71)