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Table 2 Correlations between element concentrations in moss and modelled atmospheric deposition specified for ecological land classes of Europe

From: Modelling spatial patterns of correlations between concentrations of heavy metals in mosses and atmospheric deposition in 2010 across Europe

ELCE40 EMEP LOTOS-EUROS
Cd Hg Pb As Cd Cr Cu Ni Pb V Zn
All 0.65** (3777) 0.14** (3313) 0.70** (3604) 0.30** (3274) 0.65** (3633) 0.03** (3820) 0.50** (3465) 0.09** (3772) 0.64** (3490) 0.19** (3832) 0.17** (3965)
B_1 0.39** (73) 0.48** (67) 0.54** (73) 0.23 (67) 0.45** (73) − 0.13 (73) 0.22 (73) − 0.24 (73) 0.67** (73) − 0.09 (73) 0.29* (73)
B_2 0.51** (110) − 0.18 (110) 0.63** (110) − 0.11 (111) 0.17 (110) − 0.52** (111) − 0.20 (110) − 0.67** (110) 0.27 (110) 0.13 (34) 0.09 (111)
C_0 0.52** (253) 0.19** (239) 0.62** (252) 0.45** (246) 0.52** (253) 0.16* (258) 0.51** (252) − 0.04 (258) 0.65** (252) 0.27** (227) 0.11 (259)
D_7 0.13 (186) 0.29** (135) − 0.01 (186) − 0.14 (134) 0.19* (186) 0.22** (186) 0.05 (186) − 0.23** (186) 0.25** (186) − 0.54** (186) − 0.04 (186)
D_8 0.37* (42) − 0.10 (34) 0.49** (42) 0.10 (34) 0.31* (42) − 0.10 (42) 0.52** (42) − 0.20 (42) 0.44** (42) 0.07 (42) − 0.03 (42)
D_10 − 0.08 (11) 0.20 (11) 0.22 (11) 0.05 (11) − 0.23 (11) − 0.11 (11) 0.08 (11) − 0.25 (11) 0.12 (11) − 0.27 (11) 0.09 (11)
D_13 0.72** (99) 0.18 (76) 0.61** (99) − 0.26** (114) 0.74** (99) − 0.48** (139) 0.40** (99) − 0.21* (121) 0.44** (255) − 0.20* (156) 0.10 (139)
D_14 0.39** (82) 0.43** (77) 0.46** (78) 0.15 (83) 0.57** (82) − 0.2* (119) 0.36** (94) − 0.04 (119) 0.55** (78) − 0.21* (136) 0.33** (137)
D_17 − 0.03 (115) 0.12** (71) 0.36** (89) 0.46** (127) 0.29** (115) 0.69** (147) 0.46** (93) 0.33** (148) 0.40** (89) 0.19* (153) 0.17 (154)
D_18 0.22** (255) 0.14* (248) 0.29** (255) 0.47** (201) 0.33** (255) 0.08 (255) 0.37** (255) 0.43** (255) 0.44** (255) 0.22** (253) 0.21** (255)
D_19 0.47** (258) 0.18* (165) 0.54** (258) 0.24** (165) 0.47** (258) 0.06 (258) 0.39** (258) 0.03 (258) 0.53** (258) 0.27** (258) 0.19** (258)
D_22 0.21** (168) 0.09 (166) 0.36** (168) 0.06 (167) 0.29** (168) 0.43** (171) 0.29** (168) 0.04 (171) 0.42** (168) 0.28** (171) 0.05 (171)
F1_1 0.72** (87) 0.37** (87) 0.62** (87) 0.57** (42) 0.76** (87) 0.06 (95) 0.48** (87) − 0.01 (94) 0.65** (87) − 0.14 (91) 0.39** (95)
F1_2 0.17** (308) − 0.15** (308) 0.38** (192) − 0.19** (289) 0.20** (308) − 0.11 (191) 0.31** (191) − 0.07 (192) 0.43** (192) 0.14 (191) 0.17 (154)
F2_5 0.53** (66) 0.19 (65) 0.33** (66) − 0.51 (12) 0.72** (66) − 0.12 (77) 0.27* (66) − 0.11 (71) 0.40** (66) 0.01 (37) 0.38** (77)
F2_6 0.41** (264) 0.01 (238) 0.48** (264) − 0.18** (250) 0.46** (264) − 0.39** (301) 0.31** (264) − 0.49** (291) 0.28** (264) − 0.14* (307) 0.18** (301)
F3_1 0.26** (201) 0.20** (189) 0.35** (201) 0.24** (173) 0.43** (201) − 0.09 (204) 0.13 (201) − 0.09 (203) 0.30** (201) − 0.05 (201) 0.20** (204)
F3_2 0.53** (115) − 0.21* (113) 0.45** (115) 0.17 (115) 0.53** (115) 0.13 (114) 0.13 (114) 0.17 (115) 0.47** 5 (115) 0.08 (114) 0.17 (114)
F4_1 0.28 (17) 0.57* (17) 0.51* (17) − 0.41 (11) 0.09 (17) 0.30 (17) − 0.12 (17) − 0.27 (17) 0.02 (17) 0.36 (17) 0.03 (17)
F4_2 0.53** (468) − 0.06 (394) 0.56** (468) − 0.09* (491) 0.46** (468) − 0.45** (540) 0.00 (467) − 0.14** (510) 0.01 (468) − 0.01 (571) − 0.08 (541)
G1_0 0.20* (126) 0.03 (63) 0.13 (126) 0.02 (137) 0.14 (126) − 0.04 (189) 0.01 (126) − 0.12 (189) 0.10 (126) − 0.17* (177) 0.29** (189)
G2_0 0.08 (186) 0.21** (174) 0.26** (162) − 0.12 (174) 0.32** (186) − 0.49** (152) 0.36** (151) 0.41** (162) 0.40** (162) 0.03 (152) − 0.14 (176)
J_2 0.43** (60) 0.50** (60) 0.51** (59) 0.02 (60) 0.54** (60) 0.25 (10) 0.49** (49) 0.60** (59) 0.55** (59) 0.21 (49) − 0.16 (50)
S_0 0.69** (54) − 0.04 (44) 0.58** (54) 0.13 (41) 0.64** (54) 0.18 (61) 0.37* (55) − 0.23 (61) 0.62** (54) − 0.15 (55) 0.42** (62)
U_1 0.47** (47) 0.05 (47) 0.51** (47) 0.72** (24) 0.57** (47) 0.23 (49) 0.49** (47) − 0.09 (49) 0.48** (47) 0.31* (49) 0.35* (49)
U_2 − 0.01 (81) − 0.06 (73) 0.13** (80) − 0.24* (98) 0.16 (81) − 0.45** (102) 0.32** (79) − 0.01 (98) 0.18 (80) − 0.24* (102) 0.02 (103)
Others 0.78** (45) 0.09 (42) 0.74** (45) 0.37* (40) 0.79** (45) − 0.01 (53) 0.17 (45) − 0.35* (53) 0.68** (45) 0.10 (50) 0.39** (53)
Class boundary 0.35 0.10 0.43 0.00 0.44 0.05 0.32 0.00 0.40 0.10 0.15
  1. EMEP/LOTOS-EUROS = chemical transport models used for calculating atmospheric deposition; ELCE40 = ecological land classes of Europe [15] and other ELCE which were summarized to one class (“others”); correlation coefficients according to Spearman (*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01); (n) in brackets = sample size; ELCE-specific correlations above the element-specific class boundary between low and high correlation levels (= category A) are in italic print