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Fig. 5 | Environmental Sciences Europe

Fig. 5

From: A new ecotoxicological test method for genetically modified plants and other stressors in soil with the black fungus gnat Bradysia impatiens (Diptera): current status of test development and dietary effects of azadirachtin on larval development and emergence rate

Fig. 5

Effect of neem oil (a.s. azadirachtin)-spiked oatmeal in coconut fiber substrate and tropical artificial soil at 20 °C on the development time (± standard deviation) [d] of Bradysia impatiens. *Significant difference between treatment and solvent control (Williams t test, one-sided greater, p ≤ 0.05). a.s. active substance. 1)No emergence

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