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Fig. 4 | Environmental Sciences Europe

Fig. 4

From: A new ecotoxicological test method for genetically modified plants and other stressors in soil with the black fungus gnat Bradysia impatiens (Diptera): current status of test development and dietary effects of azadirachtin on larval development and emergence rate

Fig. 4

Effect of neem oil (a.s. azadirachtin)-spiked oatmeal in coconut fiber substrate and tropical artificial soil at 20 °C on the emergence rate (± standard deviation) of Bradysia impatiens. *Significant difference between treatment and solvent control (χ2-test with Bonferroni correction, one-sided smaller, p ≤ 0.05). a.s. active substance. 1)Concentration not tested

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