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Table 1 Examples of natural substances declared on the ingredient lists of a random sample of 100 natural personal care products, which were derived from plants used as food (a) and as pharmaceutical plants (b)

From: Natural personal care products—analysis of ingredient lists and legal situation

a) Arachis hypogaea (peanut), Avena sativa (oat), Camellia sinensis (tea), Brassica napus (rape), Carica papaya (Papaya), Chondrus crispus (Irish moss), Citrus aurantium amara (bitter orange), Citrus aurantium dulcis (orange), Citrus aurantifolia (key lime), Citrus limon (lemon), Citrus medica limonum (citron), Cocos nucifera (coconut), Coffea arabica (coffee plant), Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass), Daucus carota (carrot), Euterpe oleracea (Açaí palm), Foeniculum vulgare (fennel), Glycine soja (soy plant), Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice), Helianthus annuus (sunflower), Juglans regia (walnut), Macadamia ternifolia (macadamia), Mangifera indica (mango), Manihot utilissima (cassava), Mentha piperita (peppermint), Olea europaea (olive), Oryza sativa (rize), Panax ginseng (ginseng), Panicum miliaceum (common millet), Passiflora edulis (passion fruit), Paullinia cupana (Guarana) Persea gratissima (avocado), Prunus amygdalus dulcis (almond), Prunus domestica (plum), Prunus persica (peach), Punica granatum (pomegranate), Pyrus cydonia (quince), Ribes nigrum (currant), Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary), Rubus idaeus (raspberry), Saccharum officinarum (sugar cane), Sesamum indicum (sesame), Theobroma cacao (cocoa), Manihot esculenta (tapioca), Triticum vulgare (common wheat), Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), Vaccinium myrtillus (blueberry), Vanilla planifolia (vanilla), Vitis vinifera (grape vine), Zea mays (maize), Zingiber officinale (ginger)
b) Arnica montana (arnica), Calendula officinalis (calendula), Chamomilla recutita, (matricaria, chamomile), Chondrus crispus (Irish moss), Eucalyptus globulus (bue gum), Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice), Hypericum perforatum (St John’s wort), Melissa officinalis (lemon balm), Mentha piperita (peppermint), Ricinus communis (castor oil), Salvia officinalis (common sage)