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Table 3 Insect damage evaluated in European field trials for the assessment of agronomic traits of the GMP

From: Scrutinizing the current practice of the environmental risk assessment of GM maize applications for cultivation in the EU

GMP European Field trial (year/country) Parameter assessed Method Insect pests assessed
Maize MON810 - - - -
Maize Bt 11 1995/FRa - - -
Maize 1507 2000/FR, IT, BG Infestation 1-9 scale, v. e. -
  2002/ES Infestation 1-9 scale, v. e. -
   Insect tunnels in stalks Insect tunnelling length (cm) O. nubilalis, Sesamia sp. (2 of 3 sites)b
Maize NK603 2000/DE Infestation 1-6 scale, v. e. O. nubilalis
   Difference to other insects Yes/no class. -
  2001/DE Infestation 1-6 scale, v.e. O. nubilalis
   Difference to other insects Yes/no class. -
  2002/FR Abundance of larvaeb Larvae per stalk/ear O. nubilalis (4 sites)
Sesamia sp. (3 sites)
   Borer tunnelsc Length of borer tunnelling in stalk/ear  
   % damaged earsc   
Maize 59122 2003/BG, 2004/ES, BG Infestation 1-9 scale, v. e. -
Maize 1507 × NK603 2003/ES, BG Infestation 1-9 scale, v. e. -
Maize NK603 × MON810 - - - -
  1. '-', no data provided; v.e., visual estimation; class., classification.
  2. aEvaluated but no data provided; bfor each pest species; cfor both pest species.